South Africa


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AGRICULTURE

 

The creation of the Agricultural Search Centre in 1993, is at the origin of the recent development of the farm-produce sector in South Africa. Since, the country has been divided into nine provinces and each of them has its own agricultural development office. In spite of numerous natural resources, the development of the South African agriculture is slowed down by difficulties such as the desertification, the erosion of grounds or the inflation.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

45 214

Agricultural population

5 621

Non agricultural population

39 594

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

99 640 000

Irrigated surface area

1 498 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

65 475

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 21265 428 49685
Maize 11749 3222 3646
Potatoes 1878 53 35434
Wheat 1804 800 2254
Grapes 1683 123 13660

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Sheep 25316
Cattle 13764
Goats 6407
Pigs 1648

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
16 746 801 777 1 275

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT