China


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AGRICULTURE

 

Agriculture represented 70% of the employment at the beginning of Deng Xiaoping's reforms in 1978. In twenty years, the rate dropped to reach 50%. The return to family concern, conveyance, liberalization of productions and prices favored productivity earnings of a 4% a year.
Today, the agricultural workforce is still in surplus and estimated at about 100 million individuals.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

1 320 892

Agricultural population

849 417

Non agricultural population

471 474

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

552 550 000

Irrigated surface area

54 596 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

995 421

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Rice paddy 182042 46685 3899
Maize 139510 45407 3072
Sweet potatoes 100176 9104 11003
Wheat 97445 44793 2175
Sugar cane 87768 1361 64497

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 4360243
Ducks 725018
Pigs 488810
Geese and guinea fowls 267819
Rabbits and hares 198035

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
15 877 685 10 447 039 19 735 982

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT