South Korea


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AGRICULTURE

 

The Korean agriculture soared thanks to the rice production since Japanese wanted to transform the territory into a grain loft. Today, speculative orchards-based cultures, vine growing and sub-glasses culture invaded the landscape formerly occupied by rice-growing.
Today, South Korea is self-sufficient in rice. As a consequence, the selling price of incomes for an hectare felt dramatically.
Socially, Korean agriculture is completely changing while a technical revolution of cultures is developing.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

47 951

Agricultural population

3 255

Non agricultural population

44 695

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

1 902 000

Irrigated surface area

878 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

211 576

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Rice paddy 6435 980 6566
Cabbages and other brassicas 3300 52 63462
Onions dry 1750 44 39773
Watermelons 850 23 36957
Potatoes 670 26 25766

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 110000
Ducks 9000
Pigs 8962
Cattle 2298
Beehives 2100

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
789 280 1 235 286 11 190

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT