Egypt


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AGRICULTURE

 

Cotton is the main agricultural production in Egypt. In 1997, it increased in a 7%.
Egyptian farming sector does not stop drawing particular attention of authorities. Egypt leads an encouraging policy of investments to improve foodstuff self-sufficiency.
In terms of irrigation, investments keep rising. In 1997, President Moubarak inaugurated the project for the Nile valley development. This zone (100,000 hectares) which was formerly desert and unexploited, should attract numerous foreign investors since they will be exempted from taxes for 20 years, right from the beginning of the exploitation.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

7 339

Agricultural population

24 954

Non agricultural population

48 436

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

3 409 000

Irrigated surface area

3 422 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

89 700

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 17091 135 126626
Wheat 8185 1262 6486
Maize 7698 948 8120
Tomatoes 7600 195 38974
Rice paddy 6125 613 9988

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 95000
Rabbits and hares 9250
Ducks 9200
Geese and guinea fowls 9100
Sheep 5150

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
12 605 94 843 573 080

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT