Spain


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AGRICULTURE

 

Spain is one of the most important agricultural producers in the mediteranean zone, in spite of important physical and sociocultural constraints. Regions where agriculture remains very important are mainly Andalusia, Murcia, Estremadoura, the two Castillas, Rioja, Galicia and Navarra.
With Denmark, Spain has the biggest fishing fleet of the European Union. The fishing industry has been going through a sharp growth for ten years with opportunities in ready-made meals and smoked fishes. Fishing products represent the first position of the farm-produce purchases in Spain.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

41 128

Agricultural population

2 472

Non agricultural population

38 656

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

29 154 000

Irrigated surface area

3 780 000

Number of farms

1 079 420

Number of tractors

943 653

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar beet 7276 102 71330
Grapes 6067 1171 5183
Tomatoes 4651 72 64687
Barley 4457 3144 1418
Maize 4120 417 9872

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 130000
Pigs 24884
Sheep 22749
Cattle 6464
Goats 2905

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
224 300 807 224 4 086

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT