Finland


Click on each topic for more information :

AGRICULTURE

 

In Finland, the farming season is short: 160 to 180 days in the South and 110 to 145 days in the North. The respect of the environment is very important for the farming sector.
Main cultures are : barley, oat, wheat, rye, sugar beet and potato. On the contrary, the Finnish fruits production is largely insufficient to satisfy the domestic demand. That is why, Finland imports a large quantity of fruits and more specially citrus fruits.
Moreover, forestry has an important place in the Finnish farmer work. Indeed, a medium farm has 13.4 hectares of arable lands and 46.4 hectares of forest. The forest represents an important source of incomes and work for farmers over the winter.
The Finnish agriculture, which was very protected, is now forced to open up to international competition. The country will be more dependent on community decisions.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

5 215

Agricultural population

262

Non agricultural population

4 954

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

2 246 000

Irrigated surface area

64 000

Number of farms

70 620

Number of tractors

194 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Barley 2103 595 3536
Sugar beet 1183 31 37805
Oats 1073 327 3278
Wheat 801 215 3725
Potatoes 743 29 25702

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 5472
Pigs 1401
Cattle 959
Turkeys 495
Sheep 90

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 85 263 27 894

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT