Indonesia


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AGRICULTURE

 

In spite of the sharp growth Indonesia has been knowing for 30 years, it remains an important agricultural country. Indonesian agriculture depends largely on climatic conditions. Indeed, the warm El Nino's stream caused a big aridity in the country. However, a good monsoon can bring a very good productivity.
This aridity, qualified as an ecological disaster, urged Indonesia to import about 8 million tons of rice in 1998. In 1997, Indonesia was the third producer of rice Paddy in the world.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

222 611

Agricultural population

92 276

Non agricultural population

130 336

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

47 600 000

Irrigated surface area

4 500 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

94 582

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Oil palm fruit 64255 3600 17849
Rice paddy 53985 11801 4575
Sugar cane 29505 435 67828
Manioc 19459 1224 15903
Coconuts 16300 2670 6105

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 1249426
Ducks 34275
Goats 13182
Cattle 11500
Sheep 8307

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
721 469 3 542 495 942 647

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT