Italy


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AGRICULTURE

 

Italian agriculture represents 21% of the European production and it is ranked second after France. However, the good results registered for a decade must not block the necessity of a serious reform of the sector, severely handicapped by the multiplicity of farms and by the aging of the agricultural population. Besides, 200,000 farms considered as professionals, on the 3,000,000 listed, possess half of the agricultural surface exploited and generate 65% of the agricultural income.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

57 346

Agricultural population

2 505

Non agricultural population

54 841

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

15 074 000

Irrigated surface area

2 750 000

Number of farms

1 728 530

Number of tractors

1 680 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar beet 14156 253 55942
Maize 10510 1119 9388
Grapes 8554 838 10209
Wheat 7717 2123 3635
Tomatoes 7187 139 51796

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 100000
Rabbits and hares 68000
Turkeys 26000
Pigs 9200
Sheep 7954

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
222 496 219 214 3 522

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT