Sweden


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AGRICULTURE

 

Sweden extends over 1574 km from North to South and 499 km from East to West and covers a total surface of 449 964 km . The areas under cultivation account for more than 6 % of the total surface of the country, whereas the farming sector employs 2.5 % of the working population.
The forest covers more than half of the territory and forestry is often an additional activity for Swedish farmers, since it allows them to have a more steady financial situation.
The new agricultural policy implemented recommands: to offer a product diversification to consumers while maintaining price stability, to guarantee food supply of Sweden in time of crisis, to protect the richness and variety of the rural sector. As far as fishing is concerns, it holds a good position even though fresh water fishing remains marginal compared to industrial fishing.
Today, like The United Kingdom, Sweden would like a reform of the Common Agricultural Policy for more competitiveness.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

8 886

Agricultural population

275

Non agricultural population

8 611

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

3 166 000

Irrigated surface area

115 000

Number of farms

75 810

Number of tractors

165 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar beet 2381 49 48416
Wheat 2247 367 6123
Barley 1593 421 3781
Potatoes 947 30 31107
Oats 746 193 3860

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 6762
Pigs 1811
Cattle 1605
Sheep 471
Turkeys 200

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
4 582 248 234 711

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT