Azerbaijan


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AGRICULTURE

 

At the moment, the strategy concerning agriculture in Azerbaidjan is based on an increase of the productivity and of the foreign trade. This involves dramatic changes in the techniques of production, new techniques of distribution, an increase of the demand and of the consumption of domestic products and finally a development of the exports.
From 1991 to 1996, agriculture in Azerbaidjan declined due to political problems. Now the sector is stabilized due to a wave of reforms which began in August, 1996.
The main crop concerns wheat and breeding focuses essentially on ovine races. Fishing is a marginal activity because it supplies only 5 kg of catches per inhabitant.
For information, the country produces 10 % of the existing caviar in the world.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

8 447

Agricultural population

2 118

Non agricultural population

6 328

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

4 754 600

Irrigated surface area

1 455 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

30 140

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 1527 591 2582
Potatoes 1083 71 15296
Tomatoes 438 25 17388
Barley 369 167 2207
Watermelons 364 30 12120

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 17553
Sheep 6887
Cattle 2007
Turkeys 700
Goats 601

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 0 224

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT