Estonia


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AGRICULTURE

 

Since 1991, the farming sector does not manage to get out of the slump and its part of the GDP accounts only for 6%. From 1996, more than 95% of farms were privatized in Estonia, increasing their number. However, since production costs have increased quicker than selling prices and banks were reluctant to grant credits to this sector, many farmers went bankrupt over these last few years.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

1 308

Agricultural population

134

Non agricultural population

1 174

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

829 000

Irrigated surface area

4 000

Number of farms

27 750

Number of tractors

54 054

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Barley 367 142 2589
Wheat 263 87 3031
Potatoes 210 14 15093
Oats 84 32 2620
Rapeseed 83 43 1946

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 2162
Pigs 340
Cattle 250
Rabbits and hares 40
Sheep 39

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
12 962 82 166 2 265

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT