Norway


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AGRICULTURE

 

The climatic conditions limit activities in this sector (3.16 % of the territory) which represent only 3% of the GNP (including forests tapping). Yields of traditional farms are not important. The will to save the traditional agriculture, which allows a certain city - country balance, led to a subsidies policy and to the limitation of imports.
Since 1993, this support policy is more limited and competitiveness is much sought-after.
Norwegian territorial waters are very rich, among the most full of fish in the world (catches reach about 2.5 million tons a year). In spite of the fact that it represents only 0.8% of the GDP and employs 0.9 % of the working population, fishing is an important sector of the economy since 90% of the production is exported. This sector had been undergoing reorganization over these last few years in order to avoid overfishing and to improve profitability.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

4 552

Agricultural population

205

Non agricultural population

4 347

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

1 040 000

Irrigated surface area

127 000

Number of farms

53 000

Number of tractors

130 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Barley 624 169 3692
Wheat 395 81 4905
Oats 330 74 4430
Potatoes 317 14 23136
Carrots and turnips 1 34267

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 3415
Sheep 2423
Cattle 934
Pigs 824
Goats 73

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
60 739 2 346 414 n.c.

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT