Vietnam


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AGRICULTURE

 

The reform of the land system has favored the agricultural growth and a favourable balance of trade in the sector. Vietnam remains an important producer (the third in the world since 1989) and exporter of rice, but the growth of the production reaches the limits of farmlands and domestic food tensions can be expected.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

82 481

Agricultural population

54 185

Non agricultural population

28 296

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

9 537 000

Irrigated surface area

3 000 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

163 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Rice paddy 35791 7326 4885
Sugar cane 14731 266 55297
Manioc 6646 433 15356
Maize 3756 1043 3600
Sweet potatoes 1461 188 7752

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 153937
Ducks 65973
Pigs 27435
Cattle 5541
Buffaloes 2922

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
894 600 1 367 500 1 091 500

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT