Bulgaria


Click on each topic for more information :

AGRICULTURE

 

In 1996, the vineyard got divided into hundreds of clumps, and it covered about 114,400 ha among which 14,500 ha were dedicated to dessert grapes. Since 1968, the vineyard has been reduced by a 34%, firstly because of the lack of maintenance followed by the disuse of new owners who have destroyed it to avoid any fiscal perception. In spite of this, agriculture remains an important sector of the national economy. Over the last 7 years of reforms and transition of the Bulgarian economy, the part of the agriculture and of the forest production varied between 10 and 12% of the gross domestic product.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

7 829

Agricultural population

458

Non agricultural population

7 371

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

5 326 000

Irrigated surface area

588 000

Number of farms

534 610

Number of tractors

31 606

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 3478 1102 3157
Maize 1586 299 5308
Sunflower seed 935 635 1472
Barley 658 265 2486
Potatoes 375 24 15648

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 17159
Sheep 1693
Ducks 1466
Pigs 931
Goats 718

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 2 849 3 473

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT