Albania


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AGRICULTURE

 

The geographic position of Albania is suitable for agriculture. The moderate temperate and weather conditions provid an ideal climate for agriculture. As a result agriculture is the main activity of the country. Prior to the transition to the market economy, about 70% of the arable land was irrigated. Meanwhile, irrigation systems have been either destroyed or their maintenance has been neglected. Majority of the farms in Albania are small sized resulting into higher production costs. However, financial assistance from the European Union (EU) and the US paves way to modernization of the agricultural sector. The sector still contributes around 23% to country's GDP and employs about 58% of the active population.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

3 194

Agricultural population

1 457

Non agricultural population

1 736

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

1 121 000

Irrigated surface area

353 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

8 574

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 260 82 3158
Maize 220 48 4544
Watermelons 204 7 29143
Potatoes 169 10 16705
Tomatoes 152 6 24516

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Sheep 1760
Goats 941
Cattle 655
Beehives 157
Pigs 147

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
1 336 1 836 1 634

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Useful links

Directorate of Fishery, Govt of Albania
http://www.dfishery.gov.al/



Eurofish
http://www.eurofish.dk/



Cefas
http://www.cefas.co.uk



Globefish
http://www.globefish.org/