Hungary

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 10.1
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 66%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: -0.6%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 93,03


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Hungarian 96.6
Gipsy 1.4
Serb 0.5
Slovak 0.3
German1
Other 0.2



Main Cities Population
Budapest 1 697 343
Debrecen 204 297
Miskolc 175 701
Szeged 162 889
Pécs 156 567
Györ 127 594



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Budapest (GMT+1 in winter, GMT+2 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Hungarian.
Business languages: Hungarian and English. German is also spoken in business, the concerned companies having definitely developed a practice of business German.

Free translation tools

Tranexp
Free English-Hungarian-English translator of texts and web pages

Ectaco
Free English-Hungarian-English dictionary

Freedict.com
Free English-Hungarian-English dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Catholics 67.5%
Protestants 24.9%
Atheists 4.7%
Others 2.9%.


Political context

Hungry is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Hungry (official name: Republic of Hungry) held its first free parliamentary election in 1990 after years of communist rule.
The chief of state is the President who is elected by the country’s National Assembly for a five year term. President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, but his role is largely ceremonial. Prime Minister is the head of the government and holds executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers (the cabinet) are elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the President, to serve four-year terms.
The legislature is unicameral. The parliament called National Assembly has 386 seats; with its members elected by a popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representation to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Prime Minister cannot directly dissolve the parliament but can recommend the same to President who can take a decision after consultations with the various political parties. The citizens of Hungary have considerable political rights.
Judiciary is largely independent. Though limited budgetary resources leave country’s judicial system vulnerable to outside influence, but this is being improved as required by EU membership with new spending. The main source of the law in Hungary is the constitution of 1949 which has gone through major amendments in 1989 and 1997. The country’s legal system originates from the rule of law based on Western model. Hungry being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation.
Hungry accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations. The judicial language in the country is Hungarian. Hungry is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can largely expect a fair trial from the country’s judicial system. There is a considerable degree of corruption in the country, especially in government departments and corporate sector. Though government has taken necessary measures to introduce stronger penalties for bribery and implement a long-term anticorruption strategy, but challenges still remain.


Major political parties

The political landscape in Hungary is dominated by two major parties, which makes it difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. However, since no party can form a government without a coalition partner, the system can be considered a multi-party system. The two major parties are:
- MSzP (Hungarian Socialist Party) – advocates socialist ideology, follows moderate communist ideology,
- Fidesz (Hungarian Civic Alliance) - centre-right, conservative, nationalist, Christian-democratic party,
- KDNP (Christian Democratic People's Party) - left-wing but democratic and anti-communist,
- SzDSz (Alliance of Free Democrats) – a liberal party, draws support mainly from the city population.  


Major political leaders

President: Laszlo SOLYOM (since August 2005) – non-partisan
Prime Minister: Ferenc GYURCSANY (since September 2004, re-elected in April 2006) – MSzP, heading a coalition government with partner SzDSz


Next political election dates

Presidential: June 2010
National Assembly: April 2010




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Hungary 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 12,212 9,979 9,259 21
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
- Budapest: the fortified district, Buda's zone
- The Balaton lake (600 square meters)
- Pecs: the Mosque and the Synagogue
- Eger: the XIII-th century Castle.

For more information about tourism in Hungary , check out the following web site(s) :
Hungarian Tourism Board



Food


Traditional dishes
Raw green peppers stuffed with white cheese and paprika: it is a Hungarian traditional starter.
Hungarian salami
Goulash.


Last modified on December 2006

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