United Arab Emirates

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 4.3
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 85%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: ..
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 83,600


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Arab87
Persian 1.6
Baloutche 0.5
African 0.5
British 0.3
Other 10.1



Main Cities Population
Dubai 1 272 000
Abu Dhabi 578 000
Ash Shariqah 556 000
Al Ayn 369 000
Ajman 246 000
Ra's Al Khaymah 105 000



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Abu Dhabi, Dubai (GMT+4 ).



Languages
Official language: Arabic
Business language: English, well-spoken by most people living in cities, and notably by businessmen.

Free translation tools

Arjeeb
Free English-Arabic-English translation of texts and web pages

Ectaco
Free Arabic-English-Arabic dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Official Religion: Islam

Religious practices :
Sunni Muslims : 78%
Shiite Muslims : 18%
Christians : 3.5%
Others : 0.5%


Political context

The United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) is a federation of seven Emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Dubai, Ra's al Khaymah, Quwayn and Sharjah. These Emirates are absolute monarchies. Each one is governed by an Emir who controls its administration. Each Emir manages independently the resources of his Emirate.
The Federal Supreme Council (FSC) consisting of the seven Emirs is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates; it holds both executive and legislature powers. The legislative authority called the Federal National Council (FNC) plays only an advisory role. Its members are appointed by the FSC to serve for a term of 2-years.
The participation of the citizens in the political activities is non-existent in the U.A.E. Since the creation of the federation in 1971, the FSC has not made any changes in its principle of delegation of powers within the federal government. The Emir of Abu Dhabi, the largest oil (petroleum) producing Emirate, was elected President of the U.A.E., and the Emir of Dubai, a commercial centre & a major oil producing Emirate, was appointed as the Vice-president and Prime Minister.
The federal legal system was introduced in 1971 which applies to all the Emirates except Dubai and Ra's al Khaymah. The main power of authority (particularly that related with business and companies) falls within the jurisdiction of the federal authorities; the national authorities are only authorized to issue decrees related to the local businesses. The classical Arabic is the official language of the courts but Arabic of the Gulf and the English language can be used in all federal courts. In the local courts only Arabic is used, but one can ask for an interpreter.
The United Arab Emirates is ruled by law and the level of corruption is low in the companies, the public administration and the judiciary system. Nevertheless, the legal system is not independent and the judiciary does not guarantee an impartial trial to a foreign national.


Major political parties

No political party exists in the U.A.E.


Major political leaders

President: Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahayyan (since November 2004)
Prime Minister: Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum (since January 2006)


Next political election dates

Presidential election: 2009
Appointment of the members of the Federal National Council: 2011




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in United Arab Emirates 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) .. .. ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
-Dubaļ's museum.

For more information about tourism in United Arab Emirates , check out the following web site(s) :
UEA Interact Travel Center



Food


Traditional dishes
Specialties from the Middle East and Eastern Europe: cf. Turkey, Lebanon etc.


Food-related taboos
To eat pork is prohibited.

Last modified on December 2006

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