FDI flows to Sweden slowed down in 2009/2010, due to the global recession, and the country experienced disinvestment in 2010. They recovered in 2011. but remained low in 2012-2013, a trend which should continue. According to the UNCTAD 2013 World Investment Report, Sweden is the 12th largest world investor country and the 20th largest recipient of FDI. It is also among the countries receiving most FDI per capita in the world. Despite the unfavorable international situation, the country maintains a high level of appeal to foreign investors because of its multilingual and qualified workforce, its very high per capita purchasing power, its economy at the forefront of new technologies and innovation and its advantageous tax regime. The government has undertaken measures to develop support for investments through expanding important sectors (biotechnologies and food processing), as well as on rapidly growing markets (Baltic countries, India, Brazil, etc.). There are gaps in the food processing field, as well as in the housing and interior design sectors.
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||8.0||6.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||4.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||7.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||6.3||6.1||8.3||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||12,924||16,334||8,150|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||347,524||364,667||378,107|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||99||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||31||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||79||62||52|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||12.9||16.4||7.7|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||64.8||69.6||67.8|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: October 2014