Thanks to Austria's geographic location at the crossroad of Eastern and Western Europe, direct foreign investment has always been high. However it seems that this position of a bridge to the east is now beginning to fade since FDI inflows and outflows have declined since 2012. Nevertheless, they should resume an upward trend in 2014 thanks to the economic recovery. Austria remains a capital exporter: its FDI outflows exceed inflows. Austria's strengths are its political stability, its location at the centre of Europe and a skilled and highly productive work force.
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||5.0||6.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||5.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||7.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||5.0||6.1||8.3||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||10,618||3,939||11,083|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||153,096||162,946||183,558|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||51||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||42||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||107||77||64|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||11.6||4.5||12.1|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||36.8||41.3||44.2|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: October 2014