Kazakhstan

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Import regulations and customs duties  - Distribution - Transportation of goods - Standards - Patents and brands


Import regulations and customs duties

Regulations
Today, most of the goods can be imported into Kazakhstan without a license although a contract signed with the authorities has to be presented anytime. However, an import license is obligatory for a series of products: chemical products, medicines, medical equipment, petroleum exploitation equipment, waste, etc.
Import of narcotics, fire arms and ammunitions is prohibited.

 


Customs duties
Customs duties are calculated on the basis of the CAF value of the goods (transit value + packing charges + transport charges).
The country's customs system is subdivided as follows : the first customs duties are calculated on the CIP or CIF value (Cost, Insurance and Freight) and the second customs duties are calculated on a unit basis. For certain items, two types of taxes are combined. This country has signed an agreement of customs union with the Russian Federation, the tariff for the entry of goods strongly differs from the Russian tariff for a series of items.

The rate of customs duty is usually 19%, but a large part of the rate varies from 5 to 15%. A customs fee is also levied at 0.2% of the customs declared value.
Excise duties are levied on the following products : alcohol drinks, tobacco, petroleum products, tourist vehicles, jewels, clothes from animal skin and fur, crystals, salmon and caviar. The rate of excise duty may vary from 7 to 100%.

 

 

 


Transportation of goods

By road
The road network extends over 158,581 km. A part of this network is maintained by the staff of governmental maintenance, while another part is maintained by private organisations.


By rail
The railway network extends over 13,841 km, but this figure does not include industrial railway lines.


By sea
Sea river transport extends over a distance of 40,002 km over the Syrdariya River and Ertis River.
The big sea port complexes are : Aqtau, Atyrau, Oskemen, Pavlodar, Semey.


By air
Airports are relatively numerous but only 55 are best adapted to the international standards.




Standards

Since 1992, some member States of the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) have made laws aimed at protecting consumers and environment. Due to this fact, imported goods are also subject to a system of certification, which corresponds to the technical requirements. Every supplier in Kazakhstan has, therefore, to adapt to these rules relating to the marketing of goods. A large number of machines, equipment and specific products require to be certified. Nearly all food products are subject to certification. If the product is already certified or manufactured according to the international standards, then the certification procedure is faster.
As for labelling, the country of origin must be mentioned, sometimes the number of the lot, expiry date and period of preservation. These indications can be written in Kazakh, Russian, English and German languages: just follow the instructions of the importer.



Patents and brands

In the field of intellectual property, Kazakhstan is a signatory member of the following international agreements : The Convention for the creation of World Intellectual Property Organisation, Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property, Madrid Arrangement regarding international registration of trademarks, Patent co-operation Treaty (PCT) and Eurasian Patent Convention. The last three agreements enable to obtain the protection of trademarks or patents in Kazakhstan through registration of applications in Paris or Geneva.

Texts currently applying to patents/brands

  Text Date entered into law Period of validity Comment
Patent Patent law, No428-I LRK of July 16, 1999 : 20 years, renewable for a period not exceeding five years :
Trademark and Service Mark Law on trademarks, service marks and apellations of origin, No456-I LRK of July 26, 1999 : 10 years, renewable for further 10-year periods :
Design Patent law, No428-I LRK of July 16, 1999 : 10 years, renewable for a period not exceeding five years :



 

Last modified in 2006 - ongoing update
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