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flag Tunisia Tunisia: Operating a Business

In this page: Setting Up a Company | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | Cost of Labor | Social Partners

 

Setting Up a Company

The individual company.
Number of partners: 1 person.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: The individual businessman is liable for company debts on his personal property.
Limited liability company SARL
Number of partners: 2 partners minimum.
Capital (max/min): 1,000 TND minimum. The minimum nominal value of a share must be 5 TND.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
Public limited company SA.
Number of partners: Minimum 7 partners.
Capital (max/min): Minimum capital: 5,000 TND. 1/4 of the capital must be paid up at the creation. The balance must be paid up within a maximum of 5 years.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed..
General partnership.
Number of partners: Minimum 2 partners, with a maximum of 50.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is unlimited.
Limited joint-stock partnership.
Number of partners: There are 2 types of partner, the active partners and the silent partners.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: The liability of the active partners is unlimited. The liability of the silent partners is limited to the amount of capital contributed as long as they do not participate in the management of the company.
The Competent Organization
Trade Registry of Tunisia
Search a Company or a Financial Report
Trade Registry of Tunisia, in French
 
Setting Up a Company Tunisia Middle East & North Africa
Procedures (number) 10.0 8.0
Time (days) 11.0 23.0

Source: Doing Business.

 
Business Setup Procedures
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Tunisia.
Trade Register

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The Active Population in Figures

201120122013
Labor force 3,949,0004,014,0003,974,000

Source: CIA - The world factbook

 
200920102011
Total activity rate -48.00%47.60%
Men activity rate 70.60%69.70%70.00%
Women activity rate 25.60%25.30%25.50%

Source: UN - United Nations

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2006
Services 44.0%
Industry 36.5%
Agriculture 19.5%

Source: INS

 

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40h or 48h according to the regime.
Retirement Age
60
Working Contracts
Legal measures govern work contracts; collective agreements and individual negotiation complete them.
The formality of work contracts is extremely rigid. The constraints of dismissal and hiring conditions are rather flexible.
Labor Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labor

Minimum Wage
TND 246 per month (source: ILO, 2011).
Social contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 16.57% (Old age, invalidity, survivors: 7.76%; Sickness, maternity: 5.08%; Family benefits: 2.21%; Other services: AT / MP, PST, FSE: 1.51%).
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: 9.18% (Old age, invalidity, survivors: 4.73%; Sickness, maternity: 3.16%; Family benefits: 0.88%; Other services: AT/MP, PST, FSE: 0.38%).

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners

Unions
Tunisian General Labor Union (UGTT)
Tunisian union of industry, trade and handicrafts (UTICA)
Tunisian union for agriculture and fishing (UTAP)
Unionization Rate
15 %.
Labor Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Vocational Training and Employment

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Last Updates: January 2015