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flag Lebanon Lebanon: Introduction

Capital: Beirut


Total Population: 4,467,390
Natural Increase: 1.0%
Density: 437 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 87.5%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Beirut (2,600,000); Tripoli (230,000); Sidon (160,000).
Ethnic Origins: The population is 95% Arab and 4% Armenian. The Christian population tends to identify itself to the Phoenicians and refuses to be classified as "Arab".
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English and French are spoken by a large part of the population. Armenian 6% and Kurdish 1%.
Business Language(s): While Arabic is Lebanon's official language, English and French are widely spoken. Most Lebanese speak at least two or three languages, and visitors find NO problems communicating. Many establishments provide signs, menus, and information in both Arabic and English/French.
Religion: Muslims (Shiites and Sunni): 59.7%; Christians (Orthodox, Armenians, Gregorians): 39%; Other religions: 1.3%.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Beirut

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP)

Country Overview

Area: 10,450 km²
Type of State: A Republic based on confessionalism, parliamentary democracy. This means that each political position must be filled by a person of a particular denomination.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
It is heavily dependent on foreign trade for importing consumer goods and raw materials; high debt ratio
HDI*: 0.766/1
HDI (World Rank): 65/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Lebanon, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Lebanon, Dial +961
Internet Suffix: .lb
Telephone Lines: 20.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 61.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.9% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 16,57418,46020,75021,94522,024
Exports of Goods (million USD) 4,1875,0215,6645,6155,170
Imports of Services (million USD) 14,30113,11412,89422,059-
Exports of Services (million USD) 16,86915,83419,54922,059-

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: October 2014