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flag Lithuania Lithuania: Selling and Buying

In this page: Market Access Procedures | Reaching the Consumers | Distributing a Product | Organizing Goods Transport | Identifying a Supplier

 

Market Access Procedures

International Conventions
Member of World Trade Organisation
Party to the Kyoto Protocol
Party to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
Party to the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls For Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies
Party of the International Coffee Agreement 2001
Main International Economic Cooperation
Lithuania is member of the European Union since 2004 and has close ties with nearby Baltic and Eastern European countries. It is well integrated in the international trade system and is party to a number of agreements.
Non Tariff Barriers
In accordance with its European Union membership since May, 1st of 2004, Lithuania applies the European Union trade policy such as antidumping or anti-subsidy measures. The European Union import regime applies to Lithuania. If Lithuania has adopted the main part of EU regulations on May, 1st of 2004, a transitory period has been granted to the country regarding some EU rules like freedom of movement for workers or sabotage inside some countries.
While the European Union has a rather liberal foreign trade policy, some products need import licenses. There are some restrictions, especially on farm products, following the implementation of the CAP (Common Agricultural Policy): the application of ompensations on the import and export of farm products, aimed at favoring the development of agriculture within the EU, implies a certain number of control and regulation systems for the goods entering the EU territory.
When being introduced in Lithuania, some products (mainly those having a link with safety) must be "CE" marked in respect to the European Directives adopted on the basis of the New Approach and the Global Approach.
Customs Duties and Taxes on Imports
Since 2000, the "Most favored nation treatment customs duty act" came into force. According to this Act, goods originating from third (non-EU) countries are subject to customs duties. For more information about rates, please consult the Estonian Master Tariff system at: vaarikaas.


Customs Classification
The duties for non-European countries are relatively low, especially for manufactured goods (4.2% on average for the general rate), however textile, clothing items (high duties and quota system) and food-processing industry sectors (average duties of a 17.3% and numerous tariff quotas, PAC) still know protective measures.

In order to get exhaustive regulations and customs tariffs rates regarding their products, exporters shall refer to the TARIC code and its database, which includes all applicable customs duties and all customs trade policy measures for all the goods.
Import Procedures
Since its accession to the European Union on May, 1st of 2004, Lithuania has adopted the EU Common External Tariff. Consequently, trade with Lithuania is totally free from customs duties, provided that the country of origin of the goods is one of the other 27 EU Member States. Nevertheless, when introducing goods into Lithuania, exporters shall fill in an intrastat declaration.
When the country of origin of the goods exported to Lithuania is not part of the European Union, customs duties are calculated Ad valorem on the CIF value of the goods, in accordance with the Common Customs Tariff (CCT).Since its accession to the European Union on May, 1st of 2004, Lithuania has adopted the EU Common External Tariff. Consequently, trade with Lithuania is totally free from customs duties, provided that the country of origin of the goods is one of the other 27 EU Member States. Nevertheless, when introducing goods into Lithuania, exporters shall fill in an intrastat declaration.
When the country of origin of the goods exported to Lithuania is not part of the European Union, customs duties are calculated Ad valorem on the CIF value of the goods, in accordance with the Common Customs Tariff (CCT).

As part of the "SAFE" standards advocated by the World Customs Organization (WCO), the European Union has set up a new system of import controls, the "Import Control System" (ICS), which aims to secure the flow of goods at the time of their entry into the customs territory of the EU. This control system, part of the Community Program eCustomer, has been in effect since January 1, 2011. Since then, operators are required to pass an Entry Summary Declaration (ENS) to the customs of the country of entry, prior to the introduction of goods into the customs territory of the European Union.
Importing Samples
Goods transiting Lithuania are not subject to duties. It is possible to obtain a temporary duty exemption for items such as commercial samples and for goods intended for public displays at exhibitions or trade fairs.
 
 
For Further Information
Lithuanian Customs

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Reaching the Consumers

Marketing Opportunities

Consumer Behavior
The market for consumer products in Lithuania is fragmented. Consumer preferences differ according to income, age and social groups. More affluent consumers consider brand name and quality to be important selling points, with price an indicator of quality. In general, the Lithuanian consumer considers foreign goods to be synonym of high quality. It should be noted as well that the Lithuanian consumer is used to buying products in retail stores.
Consumer Profile and Purchasing Power
The Lithuanian consumer is still sensitive to price because the purchasing power is not as high as it can be in other European Union countries. However, it should be noted that the Lithuanian consumers are becoming increasingly sophisticated and brand-conscious consumers. The liberalization of markets made the consumers eager to find diverse products and foreign products which are often associated with high quality in their minds. The Lithuanian consumer is not yet used to purchasing on the internet (less than 5% of the all purchases are made via internet).
Consumers Associations
Vartotojoteises , National Consumer Rights Protection Board
VLVF , Western Lithuania consumer federation
Vartotojai , Lithuanian Consumer Institute
Main Advertising Agencies
INSPE

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Distributing a Product

Market Shares
Retail trade is traditionally the first distribution channel in Lithuania; historically people used to shop in small retail outlets and open air markets. With the independence and European Union membership, foreign companies seek to install in Lithuania and develop bigger shopping centers and brand names.
Organizations in the Retail Sector
Association of Lithuanian Trade enterprises

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Organizing Goods Transport

Main Useful Means of Transport
Lithuania has the best roads of the region. Transport of goods by road is efficient and can be done in all directions. The EU recognized Lithuania as a prime transport center in the region and the EU's transportation Commission designated the two routes running through Lithuania, the North-South highway and the rail route connecting Scandinavia with Central Europe as well as the East-West route linking the huge Eastern markets with the rest of Europe as being the ten most important in Europe.
Ports
Klaipeda's port
Ferries serving several internal cities
Airports
Vilnius International Airport
Palanga Internatinal Airport (small regional airport situated in the west part of the country)
Kaunas Airport
Sea Transport Organizations
Ministry of Transport
Air Transport Organizations
Ministry of Transport
Civil Aviation Administration
Road Transport Organizations
Ministry of transport
Rail Transport Organizations
Ministry of Transport
Lithuanian railways

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Identifying a Supplier

Type of Production
Competitive sectors of the industry include: IT (the market is growing faster than the European average and is quite attractive ; it received 15% of all the FDI in the country), Biotech, lasers (important know-how and production), machinery and electrical equipment, metal processing and transport, plastics, furniture, wood processing and paper industry, textile and apparel.
All those industries are among the most attractive of the country and foreign investment is developed in those areas.

 

Business Directories

Multi-sector Directories
Baltinfo - Find businesses in Lithuania.
Business Lithuania - Directory and guide to Lithuanian business information.
Business-lithuania - Business-lithuania.com, website presenting Lithuanian business information to all over the world. Find information on thousands of Lithuanian importers, exporters, producers and service providers in English, German and Russian languages.
Franchising in the Baltics - Directory of franchising companies in the Baltics.
Imones - Lithuania's business directory.
Info LT - Directory of businesses in Lithuania.
Lithuanian Export-Import Directory - Search for Lithuanian companies in a business database.
Visa Lietuva - Lithuania's business directory.
Yellow Pages - Find a business in Lithuania.
 
 
Manufacturers Associations of the Main Industries
17 professional associations listed for Lithuania.
 
Trade Agencies and Their Representations Abroad
Association of Lithuanian Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Crafts (in Lithuanian)
Enterprises Federation
Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists
 
 

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Learn more about Sales in Lithuania on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Last Updates: January 2015