Russia

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2004: 8,3% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

142 814 208  
78 519 272  
55%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2003  

10%  
31.3%  
58.7%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Legal clauses regulate employment contracts and to a lesser degree collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The terms of employment contracts, the conditions for hiring and the limits for dismissal are rather rigid.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/2003: US $14 (450 rubles)

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 1998: 1026 roubles by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions

Employer: 1 %.

Employee: 5.4 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 40 hours

Retirement age: 55 for women and 60 for men.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:63 %.

Unions: The main one is : The Russian Federation of Independent Trade Unions (FNPR). It gathers about 80 % of union members.


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- Russia Labour Law Profile


Last modified in January 2006
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