Tunisia

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2004: 13,9% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

10 011 715  
4 252 777  
42%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

1994  

21.6%  
33.5%  
42.5%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are regulated by Law. Collective agreements and individual negotiations complement it.
The limits for dismissal and the conditions for hiring are rather flexible.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of : The decree n° 2007-2079  of 14/08/2007 has established:
- the monthly minimum wage at 239,824 TND and 207,828 TND depending on the number of the weekly working hours (respectively 48h and 40h);
- the hourly minimum wage at 1,153 TND and 1,199 TND depending on the number of the weekly working hours (respectively 48h and 40h).


Social security contributions

Employer: 18 %.

Employee: 6.25 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 40h ou 48h depending on the system chosen.

Retirement age: 60

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:15 %.

Unions: General Trade Union of Tunisian Workers (UGTT)
Union of Insdustry, retail and craft industry (UTICA)
Agriculture and Fischery union (UTAP)


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws

- Ministry of Professional Training and Labor


Last modified in January 2008
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