Pakistan

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:

LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2000: 7.8% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2004  

152 061 264  
57 415 292  
38%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2002  

42.1%  
20.8%  
37.1%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are regulated by collective agreements. Individual negotiations and law complement them.
The terms of the employment contracts are rather rigid. The limits for dismissal and the conditions for hiring are flexible.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/03: US$ 42 (PKR 2,500) for unskilled workers

Average wage for a employee in the manufacturing industry in 2002: 4113.74 rupees by  month (ILO data)


Social security contributions

Employer: 9 %.

Employee: 8 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): 48 hours

Retirement age: 65

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:3 %.

Unions: N/A.


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws


Last modified in January 2006
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