Vietnam

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LABOUR MARKET

 

 

Labour market indicators

Unemployment rate in 2007: 2% (ILO data)


Working population:

Year

Total Population

Working population

Activity rate

2006  

84 100 000  
45 000 000  
53.5%  
Source : Worldbank


Employment by sector:

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

2004  

57.9%  
17.4%  
24.7%  
Sources: ILO, Eurostat, last available data

 

Employment contracts
Employment contracts are regulated by law.
The terms of employment contracts are rigid. The conditions for dismissal are simplified.


Salaries

National monthly minimum wage as of 01/01/06: The minimum wage is adjusted for inflation and other economic changes. It varies between $54.40 (870,000 VND) in the urban districts of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City and $44.40 (710,000 VND) elsewhere in the country. The official monthly minimum wage of the state sector is $28 (450,000 VND).


Social security contributions

Employer: 15 %.

Employee: 5 %.

 

Number of hours

Legal definition of full time work (per week): The Government set the workweek for government employees and employees of companies in the state sector at 40 hours and encouraged the private business sector and foreign and international organizations that employed local workers to reduce the number of hours in the workweek to 40 hours, but did not make compliance mandatory.

Retirement age: 55 for women and 60 for men.

 

Unions

Average rate of union membership:This rate has not been calculated.

Unions: In Vietnam, the Worker General Confederation co-ordinates provincial and local trade unions and represents 18 sectors.


Useful links

For further informations on the labour market, check out the following web sites:

- International Labour Organization (ILO): studies, statistics and reports on working conditions and labour markets

- NATLEX : ILO database on national labour laws


Last modified in

November 2007

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